There have been three major migration periods in the United States in the last century: a largely laissez faire outlook in the 1930s; the Bracero Program, in effect during and after World War II; and, following the elimination of the Bracero Program, passage of major immigration laws in 1965 (Rosenblum and Brick 2011, 1). The Bracero Program was a formal agreement signed between the United States and Mexico in 1942, establishing “a migrant guest worker program,” which had favorable conditions for Mexican immigrants (Rosenblum and Brick 2011, 4). The Bracero Program experienced significant pushback, and upon its expiration in 1964, was followed instead by the Immigration and Nationality Act in 1965, which established per-country caps and a tiered preference system for rationing visas within a country (Rosenblum and Brick 2011, 5).
The Cold War is defined as a period of hostility and political
tension between the Soviet Union and the United States of America from after
World War II in 1945 through 1990, when the Berlin Wall fell (Halperin and
Woods 1990). This era was certainly a trying time for world leaders, diplomats,
politicians, and the military. But how did ordinary people in Bergen County,
New Jersey handle the looming threat of Nuclear War?